What is microneedling all about?
Microneedling (or micro-needling) is a process that involves using needles to puncture hundreds of tiny holes in the skin (yes, seriously).
It may seem like the newest trend in beauty/skincare, but it’s actually been around and evolving for over 50 years!
Fans of the microneedle claim it treats everything from wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, and dull skin to issues such as scars, stretch marks, and cellulite — although results are still dubious on that last one, so don’t get your hopes up.
However, in a 2009 study, 37 patients underwent microneedling procedures to treat atrophic facial scars (those sunken scars that result from acne, chicken pox, etc.).
After several professional treatments, over 80% of the patients saw a reduction in scarring and rated their treatment as “excellent.”
Today, we’re going to explore microneedling and dermarolling to find out exactly what is involved in the processes and what they promise to do for skin. So, let’s get to the point 😉 (pun intended!)
What is Microneedling?
Microneedling uses tiny needles with a dermaroller to puncture the skin. This generates fresh facial collagen for pumper and smoother skin on your face. Micro-needling is mostly a facial treatment, and helpful with scars and acne. Many use dermarollers at home, but a professional is recommended.
Microneedling and Dermarolling
What could possibly be the benefits of microneedling?
Microneedling, also called Collagen Induction Therapy (CIT), involves using a tool called a dermapen.
The dermapen has tiny needles at the end that make little holes or needle pricks in the top layers of your skin.
Another method of microneedling uses a dermaroller, which looks like a miniature paint roller with lots of tiny needles.
It is gently rolled in different directions over the surface of your skin to achieve the same effect.
Royal Derma Roller
The purpose of this procedure is twofold:
1. The little holes from the needles create “microchannels” that allow skincare products, such as potent serums, to penetrate and absorb into the deeper layers of skin to deliver more powerful results.
2. These tiny pinpricks act like a bunch of mini injuries that kick skin into healing mode and stimulate collagen and elastin production. This process plumps skin and improves the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, scars, and pores.
I know, you’re probably thinking this is on par with a face tattoo in terms of ouch factor.
But while this seems like just one more discomfort we have to endure for beauty (I’m looking at you, Spanx), the consensus is that is pretty painless.
Kim Kardashian even received a specific form of a microneedling facial dubbed “the vampire facial” on camera for her show.
The procedure involves a professional using a dermapen to inject the patient’s face with her own platelet-rich plasma to supposedly super charge collagen and elastin growth.
Model and actress Bar Refaeli also tried this controversial version of microneedling and posted post-plasma-needling result pics to her Instagram.
Don’t worry, the regular method of microneedling and dermarolling doesn’t involve blood injections and yields less…“vampire-y” results.
How Does the Procedure Go Down?
First, the practitioner, or if doing this procedure at home, you apply a numbing cream to the skin.
Next, either gently roll a dermaroller over the surface of the skin in a few different directions, or use a dermapen to work around areas of the face to create tiny holes in the skin’s surface.
The whole process takes around 20-30 minutes and, while it involves needles in your face (a thought that would normally elicit a full body shudder), the process is pretty painless.
You can expect some redness for up to a couple days afterward as a result of all the skin stimulation, but it subsides quickly as the healing begins and the results of more glowing, supple skin start to show.
To get truly effective results, you’ll need more than one treatment to continually build collagen and elastin.
As certified esthetician, Claire Gross, explains, “Results are cumulative, just like working out. You’re not tearing your skin down, you’re building it up.”
Are There Any Risks to Microneedling or Dermarolling?
The biggest no-no is using the microneedle on active acne because you run the risk of infection.
Avoid blemished areas during microneedling or wait until pimples are gone before undergoing the process.
Experts agree that you should not get the procedure done on skin that is inflamed, irritated, if you have rosacea, or are currently experiencing eczema.
Since microneedling can cause your skin to absorb skincare products more deeply, there’s a chance it could react to ingredients differently and become irritated.
You also want to be careful about using products not formulated for use with microneedling.
In a case study from JAMA Dermatology, University of Utah scientists reported 3 cases of women who experienced itching, rashes, and scarring in reaction to using a vitamin C serum with microneedling.
It’s a good idea to do a patch test of any post-microneedling products by applying to a small area and waiting 24 hours to make sure there’s no reaction before using it on larger areas.
This is a for sure if you have sensitive skin!
I encourage you to read this article about the HIV and hepatitis outbreak that occurred with vampire facials.
I’m not trying to scare you, lovelies!
If you’re not getting a vampire facial, you should be A-OK.
I just want to stress the importance of finding a spa or office that is reputable with licensed professionals and has a clean, sanitary environment and practices.
This will likely involve doing your own research.
Your safety is of utmost importance to me!
In-Office vs. At-Home Microneedling
When microneedling is performed at a dermatologist’s office, the needles they use are slightly longer (over 1 mm) and, therefore, are able to penetrate to deeper layers of skin to treat more complex conditions such as scarring or stretch marks.
Since there’s not a ton of scientific evidence studying the effects of at-home dermarollers, the jury is still out on whether they’re good, safe, or effective.
The version you can use at home includes needles that are smaller than 1mm, so they don’t penetrate skin very deeply.
They’re intended more for stimulating skin to reduce wrinkles, get your complexion all glowy and allow products to possibly penetrate deeper.
The good news? The smaller needles on at-home dermarollers don’t hurt, so you don’t need any anesthetic cream to use them.
The bad news is the results won’t be as effective as what you’ll get from a professional dermatologist. Also, if the needles are bent, dull, or not properly maintained, you run the risk of infecting or damaging skin that can lead to scarring.
But more good news! Performing these procedures at home costs nothing after your initial purchase!
Can you microneedle everyday?
We’re sure you’ve heard of the miracle routine of micro needling and the skin care product that goes with it, the derma roller. After all, it has a long list of uses; derma roller for acne, derma roller for scars, and derma roller for cellulite to name a few.
Maybe you’re ready to dive in and explore the micro-needling benefits for yourself but want to know how often to do it beforehand. Or, maybe you’re already using a microdermal roller and want to check that you’re being safe.
In the former case, you may be asking “What is a derma roller?”. On your search you may find different names. You’ll see both derma rollers and derma needles. These two words are for the same product and mean the same thing.
So here’s the deal. If you’re going to be micro needling then you should know off-the-bat there are different rules for different situations.
If you’re microneedling at home, whether it’s using the derma needle on stretch marks or the derma roller on cellulite, it’s important to know the procedure for derma roller uses. You should never use a micro derma roller everyday. Though, if the needles are relatively short, you can get away with treating your skin twice a week. On the other hand, if the needle is longer, you should wait three to four weeks between treatments. Ever seen a good microneedling before and after photo? Usually they are resulting in proper timing in between treatments, don’t overdo it!
When should I microneedle?
Thinking about adding a micro derma roller into your routine now? Let’s go through when the best time is for a dermaroller treatment.
Micro-needling, as beneficial as it is in the long-term, can have less-than-desired effects in the short term. Namely, after a microneedling treatment, you’ll notice that your skin may look a bit inflamed the first couple of times. Worry not! This is due to the stress response from your skin due to the mix of pressure and poking the micro needling pen places on it.
So, unless you’re oddly into people asking why your face looks a little swollen, try to use microneedle rollers at night. This will give your body plenty of time to recover post-treatment.
How to microneedle stretch marks?
When it comes to implementing microneedle roller therapy, everyone has different target areas. Some of us may use a dermaroller for acne scars, while others will use it for stretch marks. The beauty of the device is that it works no matter the situation.
So, for those that are dealing with the latter, you’ll be happy to find out how to use the derma needle for stretch marks.
You’ll also find the fact that using a micro needle roller is relatively simple. Here’s the how-to on microneedling those marks.
Buy yourself a microneedle roller specific for stretch marks, this will be sized 1.5 mm. The larger needle size the better in this case, but note that means longer periods between treatment. Microneedle the area thoroughly and be sure to follow up with a serum.
There are also LED derma roller and derma pen options available. The first incorporates at-home laser therapy to help brighten the skin and the second is an electronic version that levels the amount of pressure placed on the skin. Find one that works best for you and enjoy!
When to replace microneedle?
Once you’ve started using–and loving–the micro derma for your skin and finding all the different derma roller uses for your needs, they’ll come a point where you’ll need to retire it. Why? Just like anything else, it gets worn down and have you questioning “Uh, this derma roller, does it work anymore?”
So to avoid that as a problem, hear us out: After some time, the derma roller or micro needling pen gets dull do to the rubbing and rolling over your skin. All the glowing results come to an end around 3-6 months depending on how often you roll. So, be sure to notice when the micro needle pen is fading out or the derma roller use results aren’t as hot as before. It’ll warrant replacement. The microneedling benefits will flourish if you keep on top of replacing them when they are dull.
What size microneedle for body?
Not looking for face needling? The size of the microneedle roller varies depending on the area of the skin that you’ll be using it on. It’s definitely good to know ahead of micro needling what type of micro derma product is best.
If you’re micro needling for fine lines and wrinkles on the face use a micro needle between the size of .25-.5 mm.
If you’re using the microneedle roller to combat aging, 0.5-1.0 mm is ideal.
For acne scars or light scars, choose a micro needle pen that measures 0.5-1.0 mm.
Lastly, when it comes to using micro rollers on deep scars or stretch marks, it’s advised you use a micro derma unit that measures 1.0-2.5 mm.
Dealing with cellulite? There is a derma roller cellulite kit on the market that helps deal with that problem, too!
A note: Please be cautious using a 1.0 mm roller on skin at home and anything larger than that you should seek professional assistance.
Once you have your size picked, you can enjoy your new spa derma roller today and establish your own awesome micro needling before and after photos!
Many trendy beauty procedures will come and go promising miraculous results, but the best thing you can do to treat and beautify skin is to practice a solid, regular skincare routine.
As long as you’re taking the best care of your skin every day (even if it doesn’t involve needles), you can’t go wrong!
With thanks to Skincare by Alana